Autologous blood samples have been used in dental, oral, and maxillofacial surgeries since the 1960s, but the PRP therapy has been quite popular in the field of dentistry forthe last few years.
Consequently, the application areas in dentistry are increasing with:
- tooth extraction
- bone grafting
- periodontal bone pockets treatment
- alveolar healing
- ridge augmentation
- sinus lifting procedure
- treatment of lips and palate defects
- cyst removal and much more.
How are PRP tubes used?
The process of PRP production includes taking the blood sample from the patient itself directly into PRP tubes which centrifuges the blood sample for 3 to 5 minutes. An anticoagulant prevents clotting of the blood. The plasma collected from the centrifuged blood is sterile and highly effective for many dentistry procedures. Dr.RenatAkhmerov’sPlasmolifting Technologies offers high-quality PRP tubes that can be used in cosmetic dermatology, dentistry, and orthopaedics.
The company recommends using medical consumables that meet all the requirements under the regulations of European countries. They recommend PRP tubes that are –
- Suitable for Plasmolifting PRP procedures
- Are non-toxic
- Ensure complete separation of RBCs and blood plasma
- Are easy to use.
The use of PRP, PRGF, and PRF in dentistry
In dentistry,PRP,PRGF (Platelet-rich growth factor),and PRF (Platelet-rich fibrin),three promote and accelerate healing of wounds, regulate inflammation and improve regeneration of soft and hard tissues.
They all are extracted by taking the blood sample from the patient to aid in their healing. The blood sample in each case is spun and centrifuged in a PRP tube to separate the blood into 3 layers. The speed at which the blood sample is spun yields a different concentration of blood components in 3 layers.
The platelets suspended in plasma in the middle are gel-like and are injected or applied into the dental surgery site. This helps in accelerating the healing procedure after dental surgery.
How are they different?
- It is mainly used for soft-tissue regeneration and requires more blood than PRF
- It is spun at a higher speed with all the white blood cells and stem sinking at the bottom of the tube and not collected in the sample
- It is used at the teeth extraction areas where the surgical site can be covered by the patient’s gum tissue
- It is also used to hydrate bone grafts or in implants.
- It has a higher concentration of WBCs, stem cells, and platelets that remain in the middle layer after spinning
- PRF produces twice the number of platelets as PRP
- It helps in wound healing, reduces swelling and inflammation, prevents bacterial growth or any other infection.
- It speeds up the healing process after dental surgery
- Best suited for old age patients.
- It is often used in root coverage processes, bone grafting, implants, grafting procedures.
- It is used in the same way as PRP
- It is used before teeth coating implantation
PRP therapy has evolved as an emerging technology for dentistry purpose. Studies are still on to use its efficacy further in this field.